The terrain ranges from southeastern swamplands to the flat land and cotton farms of the South Plains to the sandy beaches of South Texas to the mountains and deserts of far West Texas.
Great Plains (North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma)Travel westward through these flat states, from the edge of the eastern forests through the prairies and onto the High Plains, an enormous expanse of steppes (shortgrass prairies) nearly as desolate as in the frontier days, but filled still with pockets of quirky and diverse history.
C., the Mid-Atlantic is home to some of the nation's most densely populated cities, historic sites, rolling mountains, the New Jersey Pine Barrens, the Lehigh Valley, and seaside resorts like the Long Island beaches and the Jersey Shore.
The overall climate is temperate, with notable exceptions. The Great Plains are dry, flat and grassy, turning into arid desert in the far West and Mediterranean along the California coast.Its only land borders — both quite long — are shared with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. They are the oldest of the three ranges and offer spectacular sightseeing and excellent camping spots.The Rockies are, on average, the highest in North America, extending from Alaska to New Mexico, with many areas designated as national parks that offer hiking, camping, skiing, and sightseeing opportunities.Due to the distances involved, travelling between regions can be time-consuming and expensive.The contiguous United States or "Lower 48" (the 48 states other than Alaska and Hawaii) are bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, with much of the population living on these three coasts or along the Great Lakes, which are sometimes dubbed another "coast". also shares maritime borders with Russia, Cuba and the Bahamas. The Appalachians extend from Canada to the state of Alabama, a few hundred miles west of the Atlantic Ocean.The United States comprises 50 states and the nation's capital city of Washington, D. Mid-Atlantic (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Washington, D.C.)Ranging from New York in the north to Washington, D.Representing the world's single largest economy with its history of mass immigration dating from the 17th century, it is a "melting pot" of cultures from around the world.Regarded as the most powerful and influential country in the world, it plays a dominant role in the world's cultural landscape, and is famous for its wide array of popular tourist destinations, ranging from the skyscrapers of Manhattan and Chicago, to the natural wonders of Yellowstone and Alaska, to the canyonlands of the Southwest, to the warm, sunny beaches of Florida, Hawaii and Southern California. Wikivoyage groups the states into these regions, from the Atlantic to the Pacific: New England (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont)Home to gabled churches, rustic antiques, and steeped in American history, New England offers beaches, spectacular seafood, rugged mountains, frequent winter snows, and some of the nation's oldest cities, in a territory small enough to tour (hastily) in a week.The Great Lakes define much of the border between the eastern United States and Canada.More fresh water inland seas than lakes, they were formed by the pressure of retreating glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age.